There are many things that are
potentially toxic to pets. Numerous household items, such as
cleaners, medications, plants, and even some foods, can harm our
dogs and cats. It is crucial to keep pets away from potential
toxins, both inside and outside of the house. Over 90% of pet
poisonings reported to poison control centers occur in the home and
result from animals ingesting toxic substances. Do not assume that
dogs and cats "know" when an item is bad for them. Pets cannot
differentiate between harmful and safe substances. As a matter of
fact, some of the most deadly substances actually smell good and
taste good to pets.
Animal Poison Control
We get many messages asking about the danger of
animals ingesting various
We advise pet owners to call their veterinarian,
emergency animal clinic or an animal poison
control hotline IMMEDIATELY.
Do something right now that may save your pet's
life: Put a note next
to all the phones in
home or office containing Animal Poison
Control Hotline numbers.
Here are some USA national numbers:
National Animal Poison Control:
800-548-2423; $30 per call. 900-680-0000; $20 for the first 5 minutes, $2.95
each additional minute.
University of Illinois Pet Poison Hotline:
University of Georgia Pet Poison Hotline:
In a life and death situation when every minute counts for an animal, you
can call the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center for 24-hour emergency
Texas Panhandle Poison Center
1501 S. Coulter
Amarillo, TX 79106
Emergency Phone: (800) 222-1222
If anyone has other USA numbers, numbers for
other countries or regions, or updates on these,
post them to us & we'll keep
this list current.
Many things around your home can be toxic to
you & animals. Only parts of some are, others only
at certain times of year,
& others only in large quantities. Sprays or fertilizers may hurt &
confuse symptoms. Check with your veterinarian or poison center. Common signs:
abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions, coma &
Acorns; Alcohol-ethanol, methanol, isopropyl;
Almonds; Alocasia; Amaryllis, Daffodil, Iris & Tulip
bulbs; Anemone; Angel's
Trumpet (Datura candida); Anthurium; Apple seeds; Apple Leaf Croton;
& Peach pits; Arrowgrass; Arrowhead; Asparagus Fern; Autumn Crocus; Avocado;
Balsam Pear; Baneberry; Bayonet; Beargrass; Begonia; Belladonna; Bird Of
Bittersweet; Black Cherry; Black-Eyed Susan; Black Locust;
Bleeding Heart; Bloodberry; Bloodroot; Bluebonnets; Boston Ivy; Bottlebrush;
Boxwood; Bracken fern; Branching Ivy; Buckeye;
Buddist Pine; Buckthorn; Burning
Cactus; Caffeine; Candelabra; Caladiums; Calamondin Orange; Calla Lily;
Candlenut; Cardinal Flower;
Castor beans; Ceriman; Chalice Vine; Charming Diefenbachia; Cherries, Seeds & Laural; China &
Christmas Berry; Chinese
Gooseberry; Chinese Sacred Bamboo; Choke Cherry; Christmas Candle;
tree water; Christmas Rose; Chrysanthemum; Cigars, Cigarettes & butts - all
Cineraria; Clematis; Cordatum; Clematis; Clusia; Common Box; Common
Privet; Coral Plant; Coriaria;
Corn, Cornflower & Cornstalk Plant;
Corydalis; Crocus; Croton; Crown of Thorns; Cuban Laurel;
Daffodil; Daphne; Datura; Deadly Nightshade; Death Camas; Delphinium; Destroying
Devil's Ivy; Dicentrea; Dieffenbachia; Dogwood; Dracaena Palm; Dragon
Easter Lily; Eggplant; Elaine Codiaeum; Elderberry; Elephant Ears; Emerald
Feather; English Holly,
Ivy & Yew; Eucalyptus; Eunymus; Euphorbia;
Evergreen; Exotica Perfection Dieffenbachia.
Ferns; Fiddle-leaf Fig; Flax; Florida Beauty; Four o'Clock; Foxglove; Fruit
pits; Fruit Salad plant.
Garden Glow; Garden Sorrel; German Ivy; Giant Dumb Cane; Glacier Ivy; Glory
Lily; Gold Dieffenbachia;
Gold Dust Dracaena; Golden Chain, Glow & Pothos;
Gopher Purge; Green Dragon; Green Gold
Nephthysis; Ground Cherry.
Hanh's Self-Branching English Ivy; Heartleaf Philodendron; Hellebore; Hemlock;
Henbane; Holly; Honeysuckle; Horsebeans; Horsebrush; Horse Chestnut; Horsehead
Philodendron; Horsetail Reed;
Hurricane Plant; Hyacinth; Hydrangea.
Impatiens; Indian Laurel; Indian Rubber Plant; Indian Splurge Tree; Iris; Ivy.
Jack-In-The-Pulpit; Janet Craig Dracaena; Japanese Plum & Yew; Java Beans;
(Solanum pseudocapsicum); Jessamine; Jimson Weed; Jonquil;
Kalanchoe; Kentucky Coffee Tree.
Lacy Tree Philodendron; Lantana; Lantana Camara; Larkspur (Delphinum); Laurels;
Lily-Of-The-Valley; Lily Spider; Lima Beans; Locoweed; Lobelia; Lords
& Ladies; Lupine.
Madagasgar Dragon Tree; Malanga; Marble Queen; Marigold; Marijuana; Matrimony
Medicine Plant; Mescal; Mexican Breadfruit; Milkweed; Miniature Croton;
Flower; Mock Orange; Monkeypod; Monkshood (Wolf bane);
Morning Glory; Mother-in-Law; Mountain Laurel; Mushrooms.
Nandina (Heavenly Bamboo); Narcissus; Needlepoint Ivy; Nephthytis; Nicotiana
(Ornamental tobacco); Night Blooming Jasmine; Nightshade; Nutmeg; Nux Vomica.
Oaks; Oleander; Onion; Oxalis.
Panda; Peace Lily; Peach, Pear & Plum seeds; Pencil Cactus & Tree;
Peony; Periwinkle; Peyote; Philodendron; Philodendron Pertusum; Pigweed;
Pimpernel; Plumosa Fern; Poinciana; Poinsettia;
Poison Hemlock, Ivy, Oak &
Sumac; Pokeweed; Pongam; Poppy; Potato leaves & stem; Pothos;
Bean; Primula; Privet; Purple Foxglove; Pyracantha.
Red Angel's Trumpet; Red Emerald; Red Princess; Red-Margined Dracaena; Redwood;
Rhododendron; Rhubarb leaves; Ribbon Plant; Rosary Pea; Rosemary; Rubber Plant.
Saddle Leaf Philodendron; Sage; Sago Palm; Sandbox Tree; Satin Pothos;
Schefflera; Scotch Broom; Shamrock; Silver Pothos; Skunk Cabbage; Snapdragon;
Snowdrops; Snow on the Mountain; Soapberry; Solandra; Split Leaf Philodendron;
Spotted Dumb Cane; Spurges; Squirrel Corn; Staggerweed; Star Of Bethlehem;
String of Pearls/Beads; Striped Dracaena; Sweetheart Ivy; Sweetpea; Swiss Cheese
Tansy Mustard; Taro Vine; Thornapple; Tiger Lily; Toadstool; Tobacco; Tomato;
Tree Tobacco; Tropic Snow Dumbcane; True Aloe; Tulip Bulbs;
Variable Dieffenbachia; Variegated Philodendron; Variegated Rubber Plant; Venus
Flytrap; Virginia Creeper.
Warneckei Dracaena; Water Hemlock; Weeping Fig; Western Yew; Wild Call;
Yellow Allamanda & Jasmine; Yew.
Common examples of human medications that can be potentially lethal to pets,
even in small doses:
Cold Weather Hazards
Ice melting products
Rat and mouse bait
Common Household Hazards
Fabric softener sheets
in ash trays where your
dog or cat can get to them.
If eaten, cigarette butts
can lead to nicotine poisoning.
Additives In Pet Food
Now, what we have is extremely low level food, with contaminants galore. To
nutrient loss in the manufacturing process, they add some chemically isolated
vitamins and minerals
with high tech names such as Pyroxidine hydrochloride, calcium pantothinate,
potassium chloride and manganous oxide.
With holistic pet care for dogs and cats, etc. we are very concerned about these
chemicals, which include:
Propylene glycol – Normally this is used as a de-icing fluid for airplanes. It
is put into pet foods to
maintain moisture and texture. It is added to prevent bacterial growth but also
inhibits the growth of friendly bacteria within the intestines. Propylene glycol
decreases the amount of moisture in the
digestive tract leading to constipation and cancer.
Ethoxyquin – This was originally designed as a rubber stabilizer and herbicide
but before its approval,
it was considered a poison. At the outset, it was to be used as a grain
preservative in feed for animals
not expected to live for more than two years before they are slaughtered. It has
been reported to
cause liver cancer in dogs and malformations or even death in newborn puppies.
BHT and BHA – This has been very poorly tested. It is reported to cause liver
metabolic stress, fetal abnormalities and serum cholesterol increases. It is
added to preserve already
rancid fats in the food. Fats in this form are very difficult to digest and can
lead to a host of health problems including diarrhea, gas, bad breath and
Artificial Coloring – This doesn’t have to be labeled with any more definition
than that. They are all
coal tar derivatives which have been implicated in anything from cancer to birth
Sodium Nitrate – This converts in the body to nitrosamines, which are very
They are added to retain the red colour to make the meat look fresh. Yeah –
Heavy Metal Toxicity – Because meat is high on the food chain, contamination
with heavy metals
such as lead and mercury is very much a concern. Spot checks on cat food have
levels ranging from .9 ppm to 7.0 ppm and dog food anywhere from 1.0 to 5.6 ppm.
It should never
be over .5ppm.
Thimerosal is a mercury containing preservative used in vaccines. Mercury is a
There is a vast amount of research/discussions going on globally at this point
in time relating to
mercury in dental amalgams, vaccinations and the environment in general. Many
linking mercury to the tremendous increase in autism in children. If you do
decide to immunize
your animal, please, for their sake, insist on thimerosal-free vaccinations.
They do exist..but they
do not have the same shelf life, so many companies try to sell the vets on the
preserved issues for..
you got it..profits!
More Common Poisons
Chocolate (especially dogs)
Aspirin & aspirin substitutes
Coal & Wood Tar derivatives
Pesticides (Be careful if you have an exterminator come into your
Some flea products
Tinsel, ornaments, ribbons,
Christmas tree water
Be careful of the following
poisons around your home:
Toilet bowl cleaners your pet can drink
Matches around the house (sulfur)
Lawn fertilizer/grass chemicals
Chlorinated pools your animal can drink from
• Some common holiday plants are toxic to cats and dogs. Don’t keep holly,
poinsettias, lilies or
mistletoe on or near the floor, where pets have easy access to them.
• If you have a live tree in your home, don’t let pine needles accumulate on the
floor, as these
needles can perforate the intestinal lining of dogs and cats. Additionally,
trees should be tethered
to a wall or the ceiling to prevent them from falling on pets.
• Don’t leave unfamiliar extension cords fully exposed, as these can resemble
chew toys, which
could result in serious injury to your dog. Hide the cords if possible. Don’t
leave lights plugged
in when you are not at home.
• Don’t let your companion animals have access to holiday tree water, as it
stagnant and can contain harmful chemicals or bacteria.
• If you are decorating with tinsel, hang it out of reach of your pets,
especially cats, as they are
known to eat tinsel, which can result in intestinal distress.
Keep a pet poison safety kit on hand for emergencies.
Your kit should contain:
A fresh bottle of hydrogen peroxide 3% (USP)
Can of your pet’s favorite wet food
Turkey baster, bulb syringe or large medical syringe
Saline eye solution to flush out eye contaminants
Artificial tear gel to lubricate eyes after flushing
Mild grease-cutting dishwashing liquid for the animal after skin contamination.
Forceps to remove stingers
Muzzle (Remember, an excited animal may harm you.)